FTEC ETF: Technology Dashboard For February (NYSEARCA: FTEC)

Stock Market


IT Engineer in Action Configuring Servers

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This monthly article series shows a dashboard with aggregate industry metrics in technology and communication services. It may also serve as a top-down analysis of some technology ETFs, whose largest holdings are used to calculate these metrics.

Shortcut

The next two paragraphs in italic describe the dashboard methodology. They are necessary for new readers to understand the metrics. If you are used to this series or if you are short of time, you can skip them and go to the charts.

Base Metrics

I calculate the median value of five fundamental ratios for each industry: Earnings Yield (“EY”), Sales Yield (“SY”), Free Cash Flow Yield (“FY”), Return on Equity (“ROE”), Gross Margin (“GM”). The reference universe includes large companies in the US stock market. The five base metrics are calculated on trailing 12 months. For all of them, higher is better. EY, SY and FY are medians of the inverse of Price / Earnings, Price / Sales and Price / Free Cash Flow. They are better for statistical studies than price-to-something ratios, which are unusable or non available when the “something” is close to zero or negative (for example, companies with negative earnings). I also look at two momentum metrics for each group: the median monthly return (RetM) and the median annual return (RetY).

I prefer medians to averages because a median splits a set in a good half and a bad half. A capital-weighted average is skewed by extreme values ​​and the largest companies. My metrics are designed for stock-picking rather than index investing.

Value and Quality Scores

I calculate historical baselines for all metrics. They are noted respectively EYh, SYh, FYh, ROEh, GMh, and they are calculated as the averages on a look-back period of 11 years. For example, the value of EYh for hardware in the table below is the 11-year average of the median Earnings Yield in hardware companies.

The Value Score (“VS”) is defined as the average difference in% between the three valuation ratios (EY, SY, FY) and their baselines (EYh, SYh, FYh). The same way, the Quality Score (“QS”) is the average difference between the two quality ratios (ROE, GM) and their baselines (ROEh, GMh).

The scores are in percentage points. VS may be interpreted as the percentage of undervaluation or overvaluation relative to the baseline (positive is good, negative is bad). This interpretation must be taken with caution: the baseline is an arbitrary reference, not a supposed fair value. The formula assumes that the three valuation metrics are of equal importance.

Current data

The next table shows the metrics and scores as of last week’s closing. Columns stand for all the data named and defined above.

US

QS

EY

HIS

FY

ROE

GM

EYh

SYh

FYh

ROEh

GMh

RetM

RetY

Hardware

74.38

76.37

0.0618

1.4942

0.0695

18.25

38.03

0.0343

0.8807

0.0401

6.96

41.93

-5.18%

26.03%

Comm. Equip.

-25.35

25.73

0.0332

0.1359

0.0293

22.58

62.80

0.0312

0.2864

0.0418

14.76

63.78

-4.03%

-10.11%

Entertainment

-43.25

-8.63

0.0263

0.3223

0.0178

12.94

48.67

0.0505

0.4409

0.0395

17.28

45.14

3.11%

-7.31%

Electronic Equip.

-28.03

45.44

0.0373

0.3254

0.0371

20.65

43.61

0.0438

0.8566

0.0400

12.47

34.82

-6.34%

1.82%

Software

-25.81

20.00

0.0239

0.1200

0.0271

24.57

84.08

0.0277

0.1811

0.0387

17.25

86.13

-1.35%

-17.44%

Telecom

-48.42

-32.32

0.0565

0.5654

-0.0149

4.50

57.36

0.0489

0.6513

0.0313

11.91

58.77

-2.19%

13.04%

Semiconductors

-18.79

13.45

0.0488

0.1716

0.0271

29.05

62.77

0.0471

0.2570

0.0370

23.09

62.11

-8.32%

2.27%

IT Services

-29.96

6.89

0.0317

0.1825

0.0261

28.51

54.72

0.0396

0.3438

0.0339

24.64

55.81

-4.74%

7.81%

Value And Quality chart

The next chart plots the Value and Quality Scores by industry (higher is better).

Value and quality in technology

Value and quality in technology (Chart: author; data: Portfolio123)

Evolution since last month

Once again, the value and quality scores have significantly improved in hardware.

Variations in value and quality

Variations in value and quality (Chart: author; data: Portfolio123)

Momentum

The next chart plots momentum data.

Momentum in technology

Momentum in technology (Chart: author; data: Portfolio123)

Interpretation

Hardware is far above the baseline in both value and quality scores based on 11-year averages. It has been the most attractive technology industry for several quarters and its position relative to other industries became even better in the current market correction. Other industries are overvalued by 19% to 43% relative to historical averages. Good quality scores may partly justify it for electronic equipment, and to a lesser extent in communication equipment, software and semiconductors. Telecommunication and entertainment have both value and quality scores in negative territory. Telecommunication shows the worst scores of the list.

Focus on FTEC

The Fidelity MSCI Information Technology Index ETF (FTEC) has been tracking the MSCI USA IMI Information Technology 25/50 Index since 10/21/2013. It has a total expense ratio of 0.08%, which is a bit cheaper than other passive index ETFs in the same sector like XLK (0.12%) and VGT (0.10%). As of writing, the fund holds 368 stocks. The next table shows the top 10 holdings with basic valuation and growth metrics. Their aggregate weight is about 60%. The top two holdings (Apple Inc. and Microsoft Corp.) weigh over 40% together, which represents a high idiosyncratic risk related to these companies.

Ticker

Name

Weight%

EPS growth% TTM

P / E TTM

P / E fwd

Yield%

AAPL

Apple Inc.

23.06%

62.83

28.69

28.35

0.51

MSFT

Microsoft Corp.

17.42%

39.98

31.97

32.03

0.83

NVDA

NVIDIA Corp.

4.95%

111.95

81.72

61.01

0.06

V

Visa Inc.

3.14%

26.04

38.61

31.85

0.66

MA

Mastercard Inc.

2.69%

37.46

43.55

36.61

0.51

AVGO

Broadcom Inc.

1.95%

138.11

40.18

18.18

2.72

CSCO

Cisco Systems Inc.

1.88%

9.19

20.18

15.89

2.73

ADBE

Adobe Inc.

1.87%

-7.60

47.86

34.79

0

ACN

Accenture plc

1.73%

18.34

34.27

31.27

1.18

CRM

salesforce.com Inc.

1.68%

-52.61

118.11

45.64

0

Data calculated with Portfolio123

Since inception in October 2013, FTEC and XLK have almost identical annualized returns and Sharpe ratio (risk-adjusted performance).

Total Return

Annual. Return

Drawdown

Sharpe

FTEC

437.60%

22.45%

-31.90%

1.25

XLK

434.48%

22.37%

-31.15%

1.3

FTEC is a fund with cheap fees for investors seeking a capital-weighted exposure in technology. It holds much more stocks than XLK (currently 368 vs. 79), but this has not made a significant difference in past performance: tail holdings have a low aggregate weight relative to S&P 500 tech companies. Investors willing to keep a position in technology for the long term may indifferently choose FTEC or XLK. However, liquidity makes XLK a better choice for tactical allocation and trading. For those who want to avoid overweight in Apple and Microsoft, the Invesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Technology ETF (RYT) may be a better choice.

Dashboard List

I use the first table to calculate value and quality scores. It may also be used in a stock-picking process to check how companies stand among their peers. For example, the EY column tells us that a hardware company with an earnings yield above 0.0618 (or price / earnings below 16.18) is in the better half of the industry regarding this metric. A Dashboard List is sent every month to Quantitative Risk & Value subscribers with the most profitable companies standing in the better half among their peers regarding the three valuation metrics at the same time. The list below was sent to subscribers several weeks ago based on data available at this time.

DFIN

Donnelley Financial Solutions Inc.

CLICK

Kulicke and Soffa Industries Inc.

THRY

Thryv Holdings Inc.

COHU

Cohu Inc.

IT

Gartner Inc.

TDC

Teradata Corp.

SWKS

Skyworks Solutions Inc.

QCOM

QUALCOMM Inc.

It is a rotating list with a statistical bias toward excess returns on the long term, not the result of an analysis of each stock.



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